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The handwritten Memos reflect the brilliant vision, foresight and methodical mind of Tajuddin Ahmad and his wholehearted devotion to liberate Bangladesh. Of hundreds of memos, fourteen memos from Tajuddin Ahmad in 1971 are included here.

Memo 1. March 15, 1971. Tajuddin keeps an agenda of a series of meetings of the democratically elected political party Awami League with Pakistan’s military general President Yahya Khan who arrives in Dhaka on March 15, 1971. While the meetings take place, the general and his accomplices plan agenocide in secret which began on March 25, 1971.

Memo 2. April 12, 1971. Tajuddin laid out the infrastructure of the First Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

Memo 3. April 13, 1971. Tajuddin assesses the needs of the political and military organizations. Among many concerns he makes note of filling in the leadership vacuum, assisting the civilian population and providing for the military training to liberate Bangladesh.

Memo 4. April 14 (the first day of Bengali New Year) 1971. Tajuddin makes note of the “Cabinet Decisions” regarding ten important matters, ranging from the cabinet’s approval in dealing with various organizations, functioning of  the First State Bank of Bangladesh, providing emergency relief and medical supplies to the aggrieved  civilian population to setting up leadership and military training centers to combat with the invading army.

Memo 5. April 16, 1971. Tajuddin lists sixteen points, a day before the Cabinet’s oath-taking ceremony. The payment of salaries of the fighting forces and matters related to the military were based on the recommendations from ColonelAtaul Gani Osmany, later appointed as the Commander-in-Chief of the Bangladesh Army.

Memo 6. April18, 1971. The portfolios are distributed among the cabinet members. Tajuddin shoulders the major responsibilities of leading the Defense, Information, Broadcasting and Communication wings of the government.  Health, Education, Planning and Development are some of the additional responsibilities he carries on. The cabinet decisions are made on a broad range of subjects including salaries of the civil employees, distribution of tasks to the youth leaders and the formation of the Bangladesh Relief Fund. The acting President Syed Nazrul Islam formally approves the decisions by signing the memo.

Memo 7. This memo, without a date, is the continuation of Tajuddin’s ongoing planning in the month of April, 1971.Achieving Recognition for Bangladesh is a top priority.

Memo 8. April 23, 1971. The Cabinet approves the assignment of jobs to three Members of National Assembly. M. A. Samad is appointed as Political Aide to the Cabinet, A. Mannan in charge of Public Relations and Barrister Amirul Islam as Aide to the Prime Minister.

Memo 9. April 29, 1971. The appointment of Colonel M. A.G. Osmany as the Commander-in-Chief of Bangladesh forces with the status of a Cabinet Minister and the appointment of Lt. Colonel A. Rab as the Chief of Staff are approved by the Cabinet and the memo is signed by Syed Nazrul Islam.

Memo 10. May 2, 1971. The Cabinet approves the decision to make efforts on a national and international level toward therelease of the Father of the Nation, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, who is held in prison in Pakistan.

Memo 11. May 5, 1971. The Cabinet approves the decision to make all necessary arrangements to ensure the safety of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

Memo12. August 9, 1971. Tajuddin makes plan of action regarding strengthening of the Youth Camps where young people who volunteered to resist Pakistani aggression are received and given training,irrespective of party affiliation, as freedom fighters. As Defense Minister he continues his plan for the guerrilla training, psy-warfare defense and zonal administration. He also writes a second memo on the evening of the same day about the Cabinet’s decision to give relief to the department of Mukti Bahini and political workers.

Memo 13. October 21, 1971. Tajuddin summarizes key points of lectures given by various members at Awami League’s Working Committee meeting. Throughout his notes he highlights the conviction that Bangladesh will be liberated . As early as October future plans are noted for the millions of people living inside Bangladesh and millions of refugees who need to be rehabilitated. The welfare of the freedom fighters who will be fruitfully “absorbed in future framework of free Bangladesh” is addressed.

Memo 14. October 28, 1971. Tajuddin foresees a free Bangladesh in which all humanitarian issues will be addressed including the “taking care of the non-Bengali population.”Begum Nurjahan Murshid was entrusted with the humanitarian project.


Memo:March 15,1971.

Hussain,Rimi Simeen.TajuddinAhmad:Aloker Anontodhara.

Memo: April 12,1971-August 9,1971.

Imam,H.T.Bangladesh Sarkar1971.

Memo:October 21&28,1971.

Hasan,Muyeedul,Muldhara 71.

Please refer to the bibliography section on this page ,for more information about the books in which the memos are included.


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